The Kingdom of Bahrain is the GCC's smallest state, and comprises a small archipelago of 84 natural and artificial islands, centered on Bahrain Island.
Situated between Qatar and the northeast coast of Saudi Arabia, to which it is connected by the King Fahd Causeway, Bahrain's population, according to the 2020 government census, numbers 1,501,635, of whom 712,362 are Bahraini nationals. Its territory spans some 780 sq. km, and its capital and largest city is Manama.
Bahrain is a constitutional monarchy, with head of state being King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa, and its Head of Government Prime Minister Salman bin Hamad Al-Khalifa. The national currency is the Bahraini dinar, and business languages are Arabic and English.